Onttype11. What is Hard Bop?
What is the origin of hard bop?
Obviously, hard bop is a jazz genre or style of music that follows the creation of Bebop. Bebop was made by Charlie Parker (as), Dizzy Gillespie (tr), Charlie Christian (eg), Thelonious Monk (p), Max Roach (d), some bass player (b). Bebop develop towards the end of World War II in New York City between 1942-1950.
It is important to understand how Bebop was played because hard bop was developed as a contrasting approach.
Wikipedia on Miles Davis explains how hard bop contrasted with Bebop:
“known as hard bop, a contrast to bebop as hard bop included slower tempos and a less radical approach to harmony and melody, often adopting popular tunes and American standards as starting points for improvisation. Hard bop also distanced itself from cool jazz with its harder beat and blues-inspired music. A few critics [Ashley Kahn] have named Miles Davis's album Walkin' (1957) the album that created the hard bop genre.” (bold and bold italic not in original)
List of Hard Bop Compositions by artist and song title
Horace Silver – Song for My Father
John Coltrane – Blue Train
Art Blakey & Jazz Messengers - Moanin
Wes Montgomery – Round Midnight
Charles Mingus – Devil’s Blues
Art Farmer – Sometime Ago
The Cannonball Adderley Quintet – Work Song
Lee Morgan – The Sidewinder
Sonny Rollins – The Most Beautiful Girl in the World
- All of the above songs can be listened to at Music Map at the playlist for Hard Bop.